Great Saphenous Vein Symptoms and Treatment
TheÂ Great Saphenous Vein Symptoms affect the great saphenous vein; the longest vein in the body that runs from the foot to the groin and meets up with the femoral artery. The saphenous vein is a major systemic vein, it carries deoxygenated blood and carbon dioxide from the superficial regions of the foot, the leg and thighs back to the heart. Small veins in the foot leg and thigh all drain blood to the saphenous vein that joins the deep vein known as the femoral artery, and unto the external vein, the iliac vein. There are two condition that can negatively affect the great saphenous vein, and they are venous reflux and trauma.
Conditions that affect the Great Saphenous Vein Symptoms.
The veins of a healthy leg have valves that help the blood flow in one direction; from the lower limbs to the heart, these valves open to allow the flow to the heart and shut to prevent blood from flowing back, a condition known as venous reflux or Saphenofemoral Reflux. However, as the veins weaken and enlarge, their valves starts experiencing problems with closing thus causing venous reflux and an improper blood drainage. The condition is a common occurrence in most superficial veins; those veins that are close to the skin, and the largest vein here being the great saphenous vein. The condition can be categorized as asymptomatic or symptomatic condition based on the degree of severity. Symptomatic venous reflux can is a more advanced stage of the condition and can greatly affect the health of the patient who suffers from it.
Great Saphenous Vein Symptoms
The great saphenous vein symptoms can manifest themselves in different ways depending on the patient’s age, gender, other underlying conditions; e.g. Hypertension, and the stage of the condition.
Venous reflux exhibits some ore most of the following symptoms:-
- An aching leg or pain in the leg.
- Swelling of the leg
- cramping and throbbing of the legs
- Painful varicose vain
- Easy leg fatigue
- A feeling of heaviness on the leg
- Skin discoloration or inflammation
- Skin ulcers
If you experience any of the above mention symptoms, it is highly advice that you seek medical attention before the condition aggravates.
Trauma is also a factor that contribute to condition that affect the great saphenous vein, injuries of the vein can result to a condition known as Deep Vein thrombosis, where the blood clots form in deep veins in limbs. If a clot finds a way in the great saphenous vein, it can travel up to the vital organs resulting to fatal conditions like pulmonary embolism, stroke, and cardiac arrest.
All the conditions affecting the great saphenous nerve can be treated if arrested quickly in the case of the fatal ones. Conditions that affects the great saphenous veins are treatable, thanks to modern technology. Phlebologists have highly recommended this treatment for the great saphenous veins as it is less invasive and intrusive than the alternative treatment, vein stripping. The procedure is much simple and much more effective as corrective measures for Saphenofemoral Reflux condition. However, if the condition is not in its advanced stages, drugs may be used to correct the conditions should you report any of the mentioned great saphenous vein symptoms early enough.